Health, the world over, has been a very fundamental factor to human existence. In defining it, the World Health Organisation (WHO) opines that health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It further submits that; indeed, health should be elevated to take the position of being a free and equally available resource to support people’s function in the society, rather than an
end in itself.
In an attempt to key into this, Nigeria has, as far back as independence, sought to create an enabling environment to achieve health for all through many national and health-centered policies and programme, one of which is the Universal Health Coverage.
This article first considers the current state of the Nigerian health sector, examines the Universal Health
Coverage (UHC), and its potentials for achieving access to affordable health for all. It then considers the participation of the private sector in the successful implementation of the UHC, lessons learnt from private sectors’ participation in the health sector of foreign countries, its merits and demerits and concludes with some considerations for private entities willing to enter the industry.