Modular Fertilizer plants produce an input that is a critical input in Agriculture that increases food production, and if Nigeria is to achieve food security, proper attention has to be given to the production and distribution of fertilizer. Fertilizer is any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is added to soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants. Conservative estimates report 30 to 50% of crop yields are attributed to natural or synthetic commercial fertilizer.
The most common type of fertilizer in Nigeria is the in-organic type in different NPK composition. N.P.K here stands for Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. The composition is made depending on the type of soil and crops.
- The three numbers on fertilizer represent the value of the three macro-nutrients used by plants. These macro-nutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) or NPK for short. All plants need nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to grow. Without enough of any one of these nutrients, a plant will fail. An NPK fertilizer provides those three nutrients in ratios particular to the plant being grown.
In Nigeria, agriculture has remained the largest sector of the economy. It generates employment for about 70% of Nigeria’s population and contributes from 25% to 40% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) with crops accounting for 80%, livestock 13%, forestry 3% and fishery 4%. It plays significant roles in the nation’s economic development.
These roles include a contribution to the country’s gross domestic product; source of income and decent living for a large proportion of the population; provision of adequate food for the people; supply of raw materials required by the industrial sector; generation of foreign exchange through export; provision of employment opportunities for the teeming population. Nigeria has a land area of 98.3m hectares.
At present, about 34m hectares or 48% are under cultivation. Under the (1999) Constitution, responsibility for agricultural and rural development is shared among the federal, state and local governments. There is no doubt that considering the vast area of uncultivated land coupled with the natural fertility of its soil, Nigeria has great agricultural potentials.DOWNLOAD WHITEPAPER